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Drivers of Accountability Programme (DAP)

The Danish International Development Agency (Danida), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and the UK Department for International Development (DfID) have jointly developed the Drivers of Accountability Programme (DAP). The programme expands current efforts to support governance reforms, and builds on the combined experience of all three donor partners.

The component is designed to promote better governance in Kenya, currently with a particular focus on governance within the devolved governance structures in Kenya. It will support activities and interventions that will enhance accountability and political stability, which are assessed to be critical in the current Kenyan context. The focus will be on key reform processes that are underway within the National Accord framework.

The support will focus on promoting three specific outputs:

1. Reduced impunity for elected representatives, officials and public institutions.

The output will be supported through three streams of activities: (i) support to anti-corruption advocacy, policy level inputs and investigations; (ii) strengthening demand for and safeguarding civil liberties; (iii) strengthening the institutional framework and capacity for the investigation of the instigators and perpetrators of the 2007 post-election violence and cohesion and peace building.

Under component 1 Danida supports the Kenyan Human Rights Commission (KHRC). The KHRC is an NGO campaigning for the entrenchment of a human rights and democratic culture in Kenya through monitoring, documenting and publicising rights violations. KHRC's founders and staff are among the foremost leaders and activists in struggles for human rights and democratic reforms in Kenya. The DAP furthermore recognizes that the Kenyan media has played a crucial role in advancing democraic governance, reforms and accountability in the country and therefore Danida also supports the Kenya Media Programme (KMP). KMP's purpose is to strengthen the existing media landscape in Kenya so the media continues to play a critical role in the political, legal and constitutional reforms in the country.

2. Key constitutional and electoral reforms will be implemented by the next general elections and the majority of legal provisions by 2014. 

The output will be met by supporting: (i) Implementation of the Constitution; (ii) Strengthening the legal framework and institutional capacity to deliver free and fair elections; (iii) by strengthening civic demand and oversight for free and fair elections, including the recently conducted 2013 general elections.

Output 2 includes support to oversight and regulatory institutions such as the Independent Electoral Boundaries Commission (IEBC), which is a government institution mandated to manage national elections. The IEBC is responsible for steering the electoral reforms and to assure free and fair elections. Danida also supports the Commission for the Implementation of the Constitution (CIC) who are to monitor, facilitate, coordinate and oversee the development of the legislation and administrative procedures required to implement the constitution. Danida's support to the CIC is in partnership with the International Development Law Organization (IDLO).  IDLO provides Kenya  with the resources, tools and professional skills to establish or strengthen the rule of law and good governance practices.

On the demand-side, output 2 focuses on civil society organizations such as the Elections Observation Group (ELOG), and Uraia. ELOG is established as a long-term and national platform for civil society, faith-based organizations and other key stakeholders interested in promoting citizen participation in the electoral process, through non-partisan and impartial domestic observation and objective reporting of elections and referenda in Kenya. Uraia Trust was established in 2011 as a successor to Kenya’s National Civic Education Programme phase I and II (NCEP I & II). Its focus is to contribute to the progress of Kenya through the development of its most important resource - ‘Kenyan citizens’- ‘raia’ in Kiswahili. Uraia's approach is to promote citizenship from a rights and responsibility aspect. 

The Danida DAP also has a strong focus on gender equality through the support to the Gender and Governance Programme III (GGP III) managed by UN Women. Even though the GGP adheres to output 2 of the DAP, Danida views gender as a cross-cutting issue therefore please click here for more information on the GGP.

3. Responsiveness of service delivery will be enhanced and underpinned by an increase in citizens’ participation in decision-making.

The output will be met by strengthening citizens’ participation in Community Development fund activities by supporting related CSOs and CDF committees. (ii) Strengthening civic demand for and oversight of public sector reform, by supporting key CSOs operating with PSR and public oversight. And (iii) strengthening demand and policy level input on equitable access to services by marginalised communities, women, youth and disabled. This support will also be provided to key CSOs working in this area.

Under this output, the programme aims to increase the involvement of citizens in setting priorities and strengthening accountability by service delivery organisations.  Danida supports the International Commission of Jurists Kenya (ICJ-K), whose purpose is to protect human rights, and promote the rule of law and democracy in Kenya through the application of legal expertise and international best practices. Lastly, support is given to the Federation of Women Lawyers - Kenya (FIDA-K) to strengthen demand and policy level input on equitable access to services by women. FIDA-K is a non-profit, non-partisan membership organization committed to the creation of a society that is free from all forms of discrimination against women. This is done through the provision of legal aid to indigent women, engagement on legal, policy and legislative reform, treaty monitoring and research among other programmatic interventions.

For more information on the DAP please download the programme memorandum to the right.

Contact persons

Team Leader, Governance

Adam Sparre Spliid


Intern, Governance

Caroline Amalie Ledertoug  



DAP project memorandum