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Peace and Security for Development

The Peace Security and Development programme builds on previous Danish support to Coast based civil society organizations since 2005. The support aims to address the root causes of conflict in the coast province including ethnic, religious and resource conflicts as well as radicalization of youth which are often politicized and have resulted in escalations of violence in the area during elections in 1992, 1997, 2002 and 2007.

Due to the high levels of poverty, economic empowerment is key to reduction in conflict at the Coast province as their grievances have largely revolved around land, relatively low education levels and opportunities, inadequate compensation from large mining investments and industries that hitherto employed a significant number of people but have been run down by previous political regimes.

The overall strategic focus of the support is to strengthen these organizations so as to: (1) promote inter-community tolerance and inter-religious understanding, (2) provide conflict mitigation activities and conflict resolution in potential hotspots in the Province, and (3) engage proactively with GoK established provincial and district peace structures to mutually plan for and respond to emerging crises.

The organizations work with a diversity of actors including clerics, youth and village elders. Some of the activities of the groups include peace sermons (khutbas), community security forums, inter-faith forums, football matches and poetry competitions in schools and madrassas.

Danida supports 5 organizations at the Coast province:

The Coast Interfaith Council of Clerics (CICC) is a faith based organization that consists of Catholic, Muslim, Hindu and African traditionalist organizations. On the basis of their interfaith principles it is the aim of CICC to solve conflicts and disputes by using existing constituencies, networks and structures and to engage youth who are often used and manipulated into violence.

The Council of Imams and Preachers of Kenya (CIPK) is a faith based, non-profit and charitable organization bringing together respected Islamic scholars, Imams and Muslim preachers from all over the Republic of Kenya. CIPK was conceptualized and registered as a non-governmental organization (NGO) in 1997 and a Trust in 1998 as Muslim leaders realized that there was urgent need to come together and find avenues to provide a voice of relief and reason for marginalized communities and a unified voice for Muslims in particular. Since then CIPK has grown and developed into a national umbrella body encouraging respect for the diversity of religious, cultural and ethnic backgrounds in Kenya and beyond. CIPK is actively involved in peace initiatives and promotion in the coastal region. It is also involved in expanding and strengthening religious networks, promotion of dialogue, building bridges and capacity among her membership.

The Kenya Muslim Youth Alliance (KMYA) is an independent national youth network established in November 2003 to address the unique issues confronting young Muslims such as leadership, weak organization, low levels of civic awareness and participation; self-exclusion and marginalization; and issues around identity and citizenship. As part of the Peace Security and Development programme KMYA's goal is to promote a pervasive culture of peace, security, and development in the coastal region. KMYA encourages young people to work with Kenyan government and participate in democratic and nation building processes.  KMYA has introduced learning circles, in which youth congregate to discuss issues affecting them while guided by progressive Muslim scholars, government representatives, and KMYA-supported Change Agents. Other strategies applied in the implementation of the program include leadership boot camps, open dialogue forums, public barazas (“town hall” meetings), and security-sector stakeholders’ forums. The program also raises awareness of how the new Kenyan constitution provides opportunities to address historical injustices on the coast.Kenya Muslim Youth Alliance is a fairly new grantee and has only been funded by DANIDA since January 2011.

The Likoni Community Development Programme (LICODEP) is a registered NGO operating in Likoni division of Mombasa district. LICODEP was formed in the year 1999 and its main aim is to champion the development agenda  of the youth and community at large.  The formation of LICODEP was inspired by understanding of common problems facing the community especially youth and recognition of the absence of grass roots youth structure that would involve the youth in dialogue on issues affecting them. As part of the PSD programme it is the goal of LICODEP to collaborate and work with the LIKONI community with a view to addressing issues as peace security and development. This is done through organizing of trainings in active non violence, community policing committees and the successful neighbourhood watch programme. Additionally, they are  conducting youth drama festivals, youth peace football tournaments and also have Likoni youth parliament which is a platform for them to share the issues affecting them and coming up with solutions. LICODEP is also a long standing partner with the first funding going back to 2005. Through this programme period, 2011-2014, LICODEP is receiving 5 million Danish Kroner.

Muslim for Human Rights (MUHURI) was founded in 1997 after violence, known as the Likoni clashes, was killing hundreds of people and violating the human rights of many more. Thus, MUHURI emerged on the premise of promoting human rights among marginalized social groups, especially muslim communities. The goal of MUHURI is to promote community safety and security through enhanced partnership between the community, the police and all stakeholders, while at the same time influencing the constituency, district and coastal regional levels to incorporate security issues in the development agendas. MUHURI is contributing to the PSD programme through facilitating training of trainers in the area of conflict transformation and by working with national institutions and community based groups to entrench gender and human rights in the peoples’ day to day lives. Specifically, this thematic area will target women and youth to bring them at the forefront of development and ensure that they meaningfully contribute to decision making. Additionally, MUHURI is also used to mediate for peace between conflicting groups and the government.

For more information on the PSD component please download the component description to the right.

Contact persons

Team Leader, Governance  

Adam Sparre Spliid


Intern, Governance

Caroline Amalie Ledertoug



Peace and Security for Development component description