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Environmental Policy and Management

The Environment and Policy Management Component under the Natural Resource Management Programme (NRMP) supports the Government of Kenya in the implementation of the first medium-term plan (2008-2012) in general and, particularly, in relation to strategies and goals for environmental planning and governance.

The scope of the component is specifically to support key national environmental institutions – the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MEMR), the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) – in realizing the objectives of their strategic plans through joint financing of agreed elements of their annual work plans and budgets. The collaboration with the three institutions is demand-driven and performance-based, and is expected to continue for the full duration of the programme. The indicative budget allocation for the component is DKK 79.2 Million, corresponding to KSH 1,131 Million, for the five-year period 2010 to 2014.

In order to support the realisation of the NRMP development objective, the Environmental Policy and Management Component 1 has the following intermediate objectives: 

  • Institutional framework for addressing environmental policy, planning and coordination is strengthened; 
  • Sustainable environmental management advanced and consolidated; 
  • Overall policy coordination of natural resource management is strengthened.

The component objectives accordingly support the overall NRMP objective by establishing broader knowledge and participation in sustainable natural resource management, thus increasing the focus on natural resource management and poverty linkages and improving dialogue between local communities and beneficiaries and policy makers at local and national levels in addressing natural resources management. The component will also address the poverty reduction strategies of the Government as well as contribute to achieving the MDGs.

Environmental Policy and Coordination Sub-Component

The mandate of the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MEMR) is to “to protect, conserve and manage the environment and mineral resources through sustainable exploitation for socio-economic and political development” and its mission is “to promote, conserve, protect, monitor and sustainably manage the environment and mineral resources for national development”. MEMR is supported under sub-component 1.1 in alignment with MEMR’s Strategic Plan 2008-2012, which has the following strategic objectives:

  • Improving institutional, policy, legal and regulatory framework for a sustainable environment that allows effective coordination at horizontal and vertical levels of government and with the private sector and civil society; 
  • Mainstreaming environmental, climate and mineral concerns into overall planning, implementation and monitoring of government and partners, so as to reduce environmental degradation and strengthen the role of environment and natural resources in reducing poverty; 
  • Ensuring that all units within ministerial departments and partners have clear roles and mandates, with sufficient trained staff and resources to implement and monitor their responsibilities effectively and efficiently; 
  • Raising real awareness of the importance of environmental matters within national and local political leaders stressing social and economic importance as well as ecological consequences.

The sub-component has a total budget of DKK 28 Million (approximately KSH 400 Million).

Environmental Management Sub-Component

The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) has the objective to exercise general supervision and coordination over all matters relating to the environment and to be the principal instrument of the Government of Kenya in the implementation of all policies relating to the environment.

The mission of NEMA is to 1) Safeguard, restore and enhance the quality of the environment through coordination and supervision of stakeholders for sustainable development; 2) Exercise general supervision and coordination over all matters relating to the environment and implementation of environmental law; and 3) Supervise and coordinate all environmental matters and implement all policies relating to the environment for sustainable development. The design of the NRMP’s support to NEMA is based on the NEMA Strategic Plan 2008-2012 and it will support the following strategic objectives:

  • Enhancing environmental education, public participation and awareness; 
  • Coordinating lead agencies and other stakeholders in environmental management; 
  • Strengthening NEMA’s capacity to undertake its mandate; and 
  • Conducting research surveys and disseminating research findings.

The budget for NRMP support to NEMA amounts to DKK 26.4 Million (approximately KSH 376.4 Million).

Sustainable Development Sub-Component

The Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) is charged with the function of coordination and supervision of Government ministries. In furtherance of this responsibility, areas where coordination and supervision are important include the environment in general and climate change in particular. By their very nature these activities are cross-cutting, even if specific ministries are tasked to lead. They are critical for sustainable national development, are key to poverty reduction, and in meeting the Millennium Development Goals.

The OPM therefore seeks to undertake activities in the area of environment generally, and climate change in particular, by establishing an Environment and Climate Change Unit (ECCU) under its Policy Coordination Department. The support provided under NRMP seeks to establish and capacitate the ECCU to undertake the following tasks: 

  • Policy analysis and research in the area of environment and climate change relating to national development, poverty reduction and the achievement of Millennium Development Goals; 
  • Policy advice to the Rt. Hon. Prime Minister in the area of environment and climate change coordination; 
  • Policy consultations and dialogue to facilitate coordinated policy development and implementation through, inter alia, workshops, seminars and conferences; 
  • Policy dissemination through publications, special feature articles in the print media, and press conferences; and 
  • Establishment of a twinning arrangement with an appropriate international centre with expertise on environment and climate change with a view to sharing of experiences and for further sharpening of the policy’s analytical tools in these areas.

Sub-component 1.3 has a total budget of DKK 24.8 Million (approximately 354.3 Million)



- Environmental Policy and Management - Component 1 description

- Ministry of Environment Draft Strategic Plan

- National Environment Actional Plan Framework 2009-2012

- Mainstreaming Environmental Planning in Kenya