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DANIDA Fast Start Climate Change Programme 2011 and 2012

The Danida Fast Start Climate Change Programme in Kenya catalyzes private sector innovation and promotes business opportunities in water and other natural resource management areas in order to reduce the risk of climate change (adaptation) and development of energy efficiency and renewable energy options contributing to low carbon development (mitigation).

The Danida Fast Start Climate Change Programme (FSSCCP)

The fast start climate change is additional funding pledged at the COP15 in 2009 in Copenhagen by developed countries for climate change finance in developed countries. The non-binding agreement reached at COP15 included provisions for further ‘accelerated’ financing for mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The statement in the final document, the ‘Copenhagen Accord’,   which emphasizes the urgent need of additional funding: “scaled up, new and additional, predictable and adequate funding as well as improved access shall be provided to developing countries, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, to enable and support enhanced action on mitigation, including substantial finance to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), adaptation, technology development and transfer, and capacity building”.

The pledged funding was USD 30.0 billion from 2010 to 2012.  The fast start was a beginning to reach the longer term goal of USD 100 million annually from 2020. Denmark established The Climate Envelope in 2008 before the Copenhagen Accord. The commitments from the Climate Envelope from 2010 to 2012 were equal to the Danish fast start climate change finance. The Climate Envelope has continued after the Fast Start period with an annual grant of DKK 500 million. Both adaptation and mitigation had implicitly and explicitly been part of the Official Development Assistance (ODA) sometimes referred to as climate change assistance but more often also just included like it was, e.g. water resource management for adaptation and clean energy for mitigation. The specific tagging of climate change funding has made it possible to track the direct funding for climate change finance.

One of the countries targeted with the additional fast start climate change funding was Kenya. Kenya has received DKK 110 million (2010: DKK 10 million, 2011: DKK 50 million, 2012: DKK 50 million) in fast start climate change funding. The Kenya FSCCP has been about 10% of the Danida committed and delivered global funding of DKK 1,200 million for fast start climate change. The Fast Start Climate Change Programme (FSCCP) is additional to the existing and planned Danish ODA to Kenya. The Fast Start Programme reaches both community level development options involving innovations that can be scaled up, and more high-end business models that can have systemic impacts on addressing climate change through private sector development. The programme has four components.

Support to innovation and market development in the Renewable Energy and Adaptation Climate Technologies (REACT) Programme

Support to the AECF challenge fund for implementation of the REACT Kenya programme, which addresses climate change adaptation, renewable energy and financial services in support of these. Danida also supports REACT under the Business Sector Programme (BSPS II) targeting climate change innovation in Kenya.

Energy efficiency with Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM)

Support to the Centre for Energy Efficiency and Conservation (CEEC) in KAM to scale-up its core business of providing comprehensive energy audits and investment grade audits in manufacturing Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SME) and larger scale companies. The support is linked and adds value to the support from Agence Française de Développement (AFD) to establish a credit line for renewable energy and energy efficiency investments. It will also be linked to agro-business value chain activities in BSPS II.

Trust for community driven projects addressing priority needs within environmentally important ecosystems with CEF/CDTF

An additional grant to the Community Environmental Facility (CEF)/ Community Development Trust Fund (CDTF) component in the NRM programme, which targets community based development projects addressing climate change risks (adaptation) and renewable energy (mitigation), and involves the private sector and income generating activities. Furthermore, support is provided to technical on renewable energy/mitigation and climate change adaptation for inclusion of climate change and low carbon development in all CEF funded projects.

The Programme has a total budget of DKK 50.0 Million (approximately KSH 740 Million) for 2011.

In 2011, a further grant of DKK 50 million was provided to Kenya. A strategic choice made by the Embassy was to direct these funds towards activities within or at least potentially within the Danida country programme in Kenya. This made it possible to build on existing relationships and agreements as well as move faster from design to implementation. 3 partners within the earlier grant were identified whilst a new partner  - The Northern Rangeland Trust was identified to receive funding.

Building resilience to climate change in pastoral communities in the arid lands of Northern Kenya through the Northern Rangeland Trust

The Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT) is a member-based umbrella organization for Community Conservancies (community-led conservation initiatives) established in 2004 and located in the arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Kenya. NRT’s mission is to develop community conservancies that transform lives, secure peace and conserve natural resources across the rangelands of northern Kenya. These arid areas are in the front-line of climate change risks and impacts, with increasingly frequent and severe droughts that are likely to bring hardship and conflict over resources to communities. NRT has 27 member conservancies covering a population of over 200,000 people over an area of about 31,400 km2 within 9 counties (Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Laikipia, Lamu, Marsabit, Meru, Tana River, and Samburu). Additional conservancies in Northern Kenya have requested to join NRT as members. The Northern Rangelands Company Ltd (NRCL) is the registered not-for-profit company implementing the mandate of NRT, providing the services of facilitation, training, fund-raising and mentoring for the member conservancies.   

The objective of the Danida support to NRT is: “Resilience to climate change in pastoral communities in the arid lands of Northern Kenya is enhanced”. The intervention logic was to support the vision of NRT to build resilient communities that are better able to cope with an uncertain future of droughts, economic shocks and political change, by strengthening governance and social development, diversifying economies, improving management of water, rangelands and wildlife, and building peace and security. The aim is to address mainly the enhanced resilience among pastoralist in Northern Kenya to cope with more severe and prolonged drought events through rangeland management. More details can be found on  

About the FSCCP Lessons Learned report

The purpose of this report is to prepare an end-of-programme status of the results of the FSCCP and extract the main lessons learned.



- Fast Start Climate Change Programme

- Fast Start Climate Change Brief

- Final FSCCP Lessons Learned Report Nov 2014